# Problem 6 -21 – vulcan company

Vulcan Company                   Income Statement                   For the Month Ended June 30                 Sales . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \$750,000           Variable expenses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 336,000           Contribution margin . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 414,000           Fixed expenses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 378,000           Net operating income . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \$ 36,000                                   Management is disappointed with the company’s performance and is wondering what can be   done to improve profits. By examining sales and cost records, you have determined the following:   a. The company is divided into two sales territories—Northern and Southern. The Northern territory   recorded \$300,000 in sales and \$156,000 in variable expenses during June; the remaining     sales and variable expenses were recorded in the Southern territory. Fixed expenses of     \$120,000 and \$108,000 are traceable to the Northern and Southern territories, respectively.     The rest of the fixed expenses are common to the two territories.                               b. The company is the exclusive distributor for two products—Paks and Tibs. Sales of Paks and   Tibs totaled \$50,000 and \$250,000, respectively, in the Northern territory during June. Variable   expenses are 22% of the selling price for Paks and 58% for Tibs. Cost records show that     \$30,000 of the Northern territory’s fixed expenses are traceable to Paks and \$40,000 to Tibs,     with the remainder common to the two products.                                   Required:                   1. Prepare contribution format segmented income statements first showing the total company   broken down between sales territories and then showing the Northern territory broken down   by product line. In addition, for the company as a whole and for each segment, show each item   on the segmented income statements as a percent of sales.           2. Look at the statement you have prepared showing the total company segmented by sales territory.   What insights revealed by this statement should be brought to the attention of management?   3. Look at the statement you have prepared showing the Northern territory segmented by product   lines. What insights revealed by this statement should be brought to the attention of management?

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